The word "Erau" is derived from Kutai language means crowded, noisy, and joyful. The ceremony is held on specific event by relatives and participated by people of Kutai Kartanegara Sultanate.
There are three types of Erau ceremony:
1. Erau Tepong Tawar
The ceremony was conducted by relatives of Kutai Sultanate at a determined by who has demand. There is no certain limit or known as “Tuhing” In the implementation of the ceremony from Kutai Sultanate.
2. Erau Pelas Tahun
The ceremony was conducted by relatives who aims to clean up all sorts of things interfere with earth's resources in the area of Kutai Sultanate.
3. Erau Beredar
The ceremony was conducted by relatives of Kutai Sultanate in order of inauguration, appointment, and anything related to "coronation". In its implementation, the Sultan of Kutai makes "Tuhing", i.e. should not step on the ground at any given time, except on the fabric "Alas Bumi" which spread out on ceremonial place.
The first Erau was performed at the ceremony of “Tijak Tanah and Mandi ke Tepian” by the first king of Kutai Kartanegara, Aji Batara Agung Dewa Sakti (1300-1325 AD) when he was 5 years old. He conducted Erau ceremony when he was ascended to rule Kutai kingdom. Since then, the ceremony is often held in Kutai Kartanegara on the coronation of Kings.
Henceforth, the ceremony was not only held on the coronation of Kings but also on inauguration of customary titles to parties who performed good services in supporting, maintaining, and developing indigenous culture in the Sultanate administrative environment.
Erau tradition was still preserved even the imperial Kingdom ended in 1960 and turned into an autonomous region called Kutai Regency. It was carried out by Government of East Kutai regency in order to commemorate Tenggarong city established on September 29, 1782.
According substance of Indigenous Erau ceremony compiled by H. Adji Pangeran Hari Gondo Prawiro includes:
2. Menjamu Benua
4. Establishing Pillar Ayu
5. Belian Dance
6. Deity Dance
7. Demoting Sanghiyang Sri Ganjur Dance
8. Ganjur Dance
9. Repatriating Sanghiyang Sri Ganjur Dance
10. Mengoyak Rendu
11. Inviting Water
12. Picking up Water
13. Kanjar Bini Dance
14. Kanjar Laki Dance
15. Taking Tuli Water
16. Beluluh (at Kutai Kartanegara Palace)
18. Be Umpan
19. Rangga Titi
20. Stretching Dragon
22. Menyisik Suana
23. Dewa and Belian Menjala
25. Seluang Mudik
26. Picking Kamal Fruit
28. Laying Pillar Ayu
29. Gong Golong
A procession of communicate with supernatural beings that are considered to provide strength, protection, and peace in Kutai Sultanate area. Besawai is notification and invitation for supernatural beings to be present in Erau. Besawai ceremony conducted in a place regarded as mystical center that can communicate to another groups of supernatural beings.
Beluluh is a procession in which the Sultan or the Prince sit in Tilam Kasturi, then get up and step on a stone toward the hall above Tambak Karang (colorful rice) through Molo (jar), brass decorated with flowers (Virgin coconut or areca nut) located on the right and left. After reached the front hall, the Sultan or the Prince get upstairs and sit at the third phase. The seating is under the decoration of fig leaves and Hall of offerings behind it, while on the left and right is fenced by Seven Pangkon Bini, Pangkon Laki, and Belian, and there is residence in every corner.
Demong set Dewa Laki to accomplish Memang (kind of magical poem) and Dewa Bini to light on Perapen (kind of small bonfire), while the Sultan or the Prince is under Kirab Tuhing and fig leaves brought by two assistants on the right and left side. Kirab Tuhing is reversed into three times. During the reversal process, the yellow rice is dropped to the rear. Furthermore, Dewa Laki and Dewa Bini stand before Sultan or Prince to provide Tepong Tawar procession with Cidera Mata Water and flower water in both palms, both ears, both knees, and face. At the end of procession, the Sultan or the Prince comes down from hall to be poured with Tepong Tawar and some officer releases Ketikai Lepas procession.
The next procession is praying and taking break, the assistants are walking shifted seated while carrying the flower water in a vessel to bring Tepong Tawar for the audience. During this procession Salaseh Gamelan or Marandowo music is played.
Feeding Continent procession or also known as “Menjamu Benua” is a procession begins with the departure of Dewa from the front of Sultanate Palace to Sultan's residence. They are accompanied by some musical player of Gamelan and drums and some offering in the form of 21 kind traditional cakes, Perapen, and Sultan’s clothing. Over to the Sultan's residence, the group set up yellow flags (banners) which are five tassels on left and green flag dragon motif on right. At the Sultan’s residence, Dewa face before Sultan carrying clothes and Perapen. In this place, the group begs for the blessing of Erau procession that would be begun with the procession of “Menjamu Benua”.
After receiving blessing from Sultan, they ask for permission to carry out the procession of “Menjamu Benua”. Equipped with King’s clothes as a substitute of Sultan physical presence, they leave the residence to the Head of Continent in the upper Tenggarong, precisely in Tanah Abang, Mangkurawang Village. There has been set a Juhan, Telasak Tunggal, and Telasak Gantung in the direction of Mahakam River. Dewa set various equipments brought from Sultan’s residence and put on Juhan, Telasak Tunggal, and Telasak Gantung.
The materials contained on Juhan are colorful Tambak Karang Rice, roast chicken, 21 kinds of cakes inside Tembelong, Mendau, drinking water, cigarettes, while the black chicken and Peduduk are put at the ground and the rice is put in Telasak Tunggal and yeast rice in Telasak Gantung.
In this procession, Dewa perform Memang ritual before Mahakam River under the accompaniment of Gamelan, drum, and Besawai to inform the supernatural beings that Erau will be implemented. After this, Dewa leave toward the Middle of Continent which is about 4 km from the Mangkurawang Village. In this place, Dewa did the same ritual as they performed in the Head of Continent. The ritual is located at the harbor in the front of Royal Palace of Panji Village.
The procession is continued into the Tail of Continent at Timbau Village, located 3 km from the Central of Continent. In this continent, they perform a similar ritual as they performed in the Head and the Middle of Continent. But there is a little different on Telasak Gantung which in total of two and put in different directions, the one is facing the river and the other one is facing toward the opposite, while the ornate coconut leave tied the knot as a sign of the end of Menjamu Benua ritual.
After completing the ritual, Dewa and Belian return to Sultan’s residence to make report that ritual Entertaining Continent has been completed. After making the report, Sultan makes Tepong Tawar ritual by Dewa and wears the King’s clothes which used as substitute of his presence during the procession of Menjamu Benua.
Merangin is held in Serapo Belian for three consecutive nights after Menjamu Benua ritual was ended in the afternoon.
This ritual is begun when seven people of Pebellian are sitting on the floor of Serapo Belian for inner communication with supernatural beings. Then they stand and set the formation surrounding Benyawan (Rumba) while dancing to the rhythm of Gamelan and drums.
In the first step, they dance slowly according to the rhythm. In the second step, the rhythm runs faster. In the third stage, the dancers spin and break away at the party and form their own spin until the rhythm runs down and ended with the merger of Pebelian surround back the Benyawan. In next step, each Pebelian holds a rope and spins while hanging increasingly fast as if it would fly, but it gradually weakened and stopped.
In the next formation, the dance position is replaced by the eight Dewa. One of them becomes Pawang (person who has magical power) who controls Besawai, while the rest of Dewa dance slowly in the accompaniment of Gamelan and drums which played by five people. This ritual ends when Pawang set to close the ritual with Besawai.
5.Taking old Kutai Water
The ritual begins when the messengers of Dewa and Belian departed from Tenggarong headed to Old Kutai through Mahakam River. They bring with urn or Molo that would be filled with water from Old Kutai.
There are five places to stop to ask for permission and luck while giving a notification that Erau will be started. Besawai and Melaboh Tigu (discard egg) will be held on those five places. The places are:
1. Behind Kumala Island
2. Loa Crow (Loa Kulu)
3. Pamerangan (Jembayan)
4. Tepian Aji (Samarinda)
5. Tepian Batu (Old Kutai)
At Tepian Batu, the messengers of Dewa spin three times and then proceeded by taking water to put in Jar and will be brought to Tenggarong as one of requirements for establishing Pillar Ayu which will be put at under Songkoh Piatu (Pillar Ayu).
The ritual of Ngatur Dahar is held on the same day with Ngalak Water in Old Kutai. However, if Ngalak Air is held in the morning until noon, then Ngatur Dahar is held at night along with Merangin at third night.
Ngatur Dahar begins when Dewa and Belian have finished completing Merangin in Serapo Belian. After completing the ritual, Dewa and Belian enter the Ngatur Dahar room together with Sultan toward Tilam kasturi and Sultan sits on it to lead the event.
Various foods have been served in front of Sultan which consists of 41 types of Jajak Kampong (cake). Besides food, there are also Large Tembelong, 3 pieces of Peduduk on the left and right side, and one Peduduk put on before the Sultan. Sultan was accompanied by Dewa, while in the back are 7 Dewa and 7 Belian who sit cross-legged. On the left and right are relatives and local officials who sit around the dish.
The first ritual of Ngatur Dahar is magical message from Pawang of Besawai. Furthermore, Sultan is poured with Tepong Tawar by Dewa and Belian. The ritual is continued with praying led by religious leader to ask for safety and smoothness during Erau ceremony. After praying, water of flower for Tepong Tawar is circulated for the audience. After all have Tepong Tawar, Sultan and the audiences are let to eat the dish.
The first ritual (opening) of Erau ceremony is Establishing Pillar Ayu. For the procession is required to have various equipments and steps, which are a sheet of Jalik that spread and decorated with Tambak Karang using dragon motifs and colorful Seluang Mas. At Tambak Karang, there are pictures of four dragons, each facing outward, while there is a garden motif in the middle. Seluang Mas is loaded on the other sections.
The each four dragons have "stusk" of banana Ambon, which made open as if he were biting Kemala symbolized with an egg. There can be found big and small candles, Peduduk, plate, and Jambak made of coconut leaves.
The yellow mattress laid on Tambak Karang and yellow-patterned red cloth called Tapak Liman is laid on yellow mattress. On the other hand, there will be put Gong Raden Galuh wrapped in yellow cloth adjacent to Batu Tijakan on Tapak Liman. Sangkok Piatu (Pillar Ayu) is established above the Gong. While in the back of Gong, there is Perapen equipped with wall lights, Suman, and Tepong Tawar.
On the right side of Pillar Ayu, there is a Hall of offering containing one Peduduk, Sultan’s change clothes, as well as Jabangan Mayang Siur. While Jabangan Mayang Pinang and jar (Molo) covered with yellow-filled old Kutai Water are on the left side.
The procession of establishing Ayu begins when Dewa and Belian have finished performing ritual in Serapo Belian, then they sit cross-legged on the right and left side of Tambak Karang. On the left behind Dewa and Belian, there are guests and relatives. While on the right are Pangkon Dalam and Gamelan musical player. The Officials and the sons of Sultan sat on the front, while in the middle there is the special seat for the Sultan.
Perapen is turned on while waiting for the arrival of Sultan. When Sultan arrived, he went straight to special room to change his clothes, and then headed to Pillar Ayu. All the audience stood up, Dewa and Belian perform Besawai and finally Pillar Ayu is established while praying.
The ritual is preceded by Merangin which performed by Dewa and Belian in Serapo Belian. After Merangin, Dewa and Belian headed to the Palace and spin as much as seven times in the area of Bepelas, then sit cross-legged in rows, Dewa are on the right and Belian are on the left led by Pawang to deliver a respect.
The ritual is continued with the performance of Shawl Dance performed by Dewa in the accompaniment of musical art of Gamelan while surrounding Bepelas area once. At the same time, Pemangkon Dalam lights on the candles at the four corners.
The next is featured Fan Dance and Njuluk Jung Dance performed by Dewa. The dancers surround the Bepelas area once. Pawang performs Memang behind the pole of Ayu accompanied by the sound of flutes. It supposes to invite Dewa Karang and Prince Sri Ayu Ganjur to keep the Ayu tree from the interference of evil spirits during Bepelas ritual.
After those, the performance of Arrow Praise Dance by using arrows tipped split into seven eyes of fire is performed by some dancers. They spin once in Bepelas area, and then in the second round they release the bow to the four corners to eliminate distractions during Bepelas ritual.
The next ritual is the appearance of Praise Dance Arrows by using arrows tipped split into seven eyes of fire. Dancers spun once in the area Bepelas, then in the second round of releasing the bow to the four corners to eliminate distractions during Bepelas ritual takes place.
Pawang Dewa performs Memang for the second time inviting Prince Sri Ganjur under the sound of flutes and Dewa put four headbands and four maces on two trays. Along with that, came four men, two on the left and two on the right, to dance Ganjur Dance. They wear headband and hold a rod while dancing all round the four corners of the room under the accompaniment of Ganjur rhythm. In the second round, seven Dewa appear to dance with a fan and followed by two men of Ganjur dancers to spin once.
Male and Female of Pawang Dewa, Male and Female of Pangkon, the piper, and the carrier of Perapen rose from their seat to pick up the Sultan from the change room. The flute is played continuously until weakened and soon the entourages are coming along with Sultan.
Sultan sits in a chair, Pawang performs Memang. Sultan rises from the seat and headed to Pillar Ayu. Meanwhile, two relatives are holding Juwita rope and fabric Cinde as stepping of Sultan to pursue and step on Stone Step. When the sultan's feet steps on Tijakan Stone, there is sound of cannon as one a sign that Bepelas at the first night (Bepelas held for 7 nights) is in progress.
At the same time, there is held a procession called “Dewa Mengoyak Rendu” located in the outside of Palace performed by Dewa under the sound of flute. This ritual begins when Dewa rose to the top 16 of hall as they perform Mengoyak Rendu and Memang to invite or summon water. Meanwhile, the messengers of Dewa and Belian down to the edge of Mahakam River to fetch water and be mixed with water from Old Kutai to become Water Tuli.
Meanwhile, Saong Manok dance is performed inside the Palace by two dancers who act as two-tailed rooster who is fighting, until one of them lost who marked with a benchmark on his head and spun several times. Then followed by Kanjar Loa Niung Dance which performed by seven Dewa and also Kanjar Katore Dance, each is performed one time round. Sultan returns to the middle of Bepelas area accompanied by his son and relatives, while as accompanist is dress Taqwo Kanjar Bini Dance.
After Kanjar Bini Dance is performed, Dewa submits a Yellow Scarve to a son or relative as a leader or head of the dancer who are then followed by relatives to dance Kanjar Buah Kamal Dance. Pangkon Dalam Bini lits small candles in four corners while stand up dancing as two rounds.
Demong makes report to Sultan that Bepelas at first night has been completed. After this, Sultan returns back to the resort, while the strain of Gamelan music is sounded and the candles are turned off.
Bepelas is held for seven nights. The sound of an explosion of cannon is sounded every night during the procession that took on seven nights continuously. The first night until the sixth will be carried out the blast in accordance with number of nights, while on the seventh night is carried out only one explosion.
3.Taking Tuli Water
The procession of taking Tuli Water or also known as “Ngalak Air Tuli” is a procession of taking water from river which is believed as where Princess Karang Melenu was born in Old Kutai. She was the Queen of Batara Agung Dewa Sakti, the first king of Kutai Kartanegara Sultanate. Old Kutai Water is then mixed with Mahakam water on the procession of Bepelas.
4.Menyisik Suana Procession
Cattle Suana is a motif depicted on Jalik which arranged of Tambak Karang. The motif is made of thirty seven colorful rice.
The ritual of Menyisik Suana begins when relatives rose from their seat and surrounded Cattle Suana Tambak Karang. The relatives put the money, whether paper or metal, in every part of Cattle Suana motif consisting of crowned head, trunk, body, leg, spur, tail, wing, and scale with an "intent" of each of meaning of symbols in the essence of Cattle Suana.
After the relatives put money, Demong and his aides take up a piece of rectangular spot on Cattle Suana Tambak Karang while shaking the closed rectangle at the top and bottom, whereas the money is collected and will be submitted to the devotee of ritual, such as Dewa and Belian.
5.Dewa and Belian Menjala Procession
The word of “Menjala” is derived from fishing with a casting net on the sea or river. Menjala Procession is begun when Dewa Laki stood up from his seat pulling a yellow small boat around Tambak Karang. On the other hand, Dewa Bini spreads a length yellow cloth around Tambak Karang. Meanwhile, the relatives and the guests are throwing or putting money into the boat. The procession depicts the activities of fishermen who were fishing by boat and net, so they will catch more fish for their daily need.
6.Picking up Kamal Fruit Procession
This ritual requires various equipments, such as cakes put on the heads of the audience with a rope. The cakes are put in plastic as a symbol of the fruit and placed in certain distance between one cakes to another.
Dewa then took a piece of wood as a pole to pick the fruit. After getting the fruit, Dewa sit under a tree and enjoy the fruits of an excerpt.
This ritual illustrates that the tree of Kamal fruit is a tree that can give a life as supplying the fruits which are ready to eat. This is the picture of generosity of God, the creator of nature and who has provided its contents to be enjoyed by living beings.
7.Seluang Mudik Procession
This ritual begins when the relatives start to dance the Ganjur Dance and followed by the audiences. The dancers arrange themselves with the formation of several layers and face each other in opposite directions. This formation represents the life of Seluang fish in Mahakam River.
The ritual is continued with the throwing rice that has been held in hand, in glass, or in bowl toward the top, right-left side, and toward the dancers while joking in a happy mood. The ritual ends when the strains of Gamelan that accompanies Ganjur Dance and Seluang Mudik weakened. The dancers are then shaking hands and forgiving each other.
Seluang Mudik describes the prosperity of foodstuffs such as rice as primary food of Kutai Kartanegara Sultanate. Prosperity needs to be thankful for and expected to be more abundant in the future.
8.Stretching Dragon Procession
The ritual of Stretching Dragon Procession or also known as “Ngulur Naga” requires two dragons, Dragon Laki (male) and Dragon Bini (female) as its main requirements. Each dragon is composed three parts. The first part is the head made of wood decorated with colorful scales and helmet (crown). The second part is the neck decorated with necklace and colorful frilly fabric. The neck is connected with the body using rattan and bamboo, and wrapped in yellow cloth decorated with colorful scales. It made five indentations (luk) at the body which shows as if the dragon is running. The third part is the tail made of wood.
The two dragons are put in the porch of Kutai Sultanate Palace for seven days and seven nights. Dragon Laki is placed in the right porch, while Dragon Bini on the left porch and there is one set of Peduduk under each dragon.
On the right and left porch where the dragon is located, there is bridge called Titi Rangga which is spread a yellow cloth on it. This bridge serves as a road when the dragons are brought out of the Palace to Mahakam River on the day of Stretching Dragon Procession is held. Before performing ritual, Dewa and Belian give banquets and Besawai as a sign that the dragon is ready to bring on.
As Besawai finished, 17 men who are wearing batik trouser, long sleeve shirt white China, sarong tied around the waist, and Pesapu (batik) tied on the head, are ready to raise the dragon down trhough Titi Rangga into Mahakam River. Meanwhile, Dewa and Belian are walking in the front of group while carrying Perapen. In addition to Dewa and Belian, en route to Mahakam River, the dragon is also accompanied by four people of Pangkon Laki and Pangkon Bini and a carrier of jar (Molo) to take Tuli Water. There are also fully dressed warriors carrying spear on the right-left of the group.
Arriving at Mahakam River (port), Dewa and Belian perform Memang procession, and two dragons are raised into the boat with the head is facing toward the bow. Dragon boat carrying the dragons is headed toward the Head of Continent, then spin three times, and headed down to the stream. The speed of ship is slowed, the strains of Gamelan is sounded, Dewa and Belian perform Memang when the ship passed through Pamerangan area in Jembayan Village, Loa Kulu, as notice to all supernatural beings around Pamerangan that the dragon is being stretched toward Tepian Batu, Old Kutai.
After passing Pamerangan, the boat is headed to Tepian Aji, Samarinda. Here is held welcoming ritual that involves various figures of Buginese. Dewa and Belian perform Memang for the second time while accompanied by the strains of Gamelan When the boat had reached Tepian Aji, as a notification of the procession.
When it reached Old Kutai, Dewa and Belian resume Memang and the boat is making spin three times before Tepian Batu, Old Kutai. The companions and some figure perform welcoming ritual while stretching both dragons to the middle of Old Kutai River. Before this, both dragons are cut first on the part of necklace and dragon's tail. Those two parts of the head and the tail are brought to Tenggarong and will be used for next procession in the future. At the time of the procession is done, Tuli Water is taken for Belimbur procession.
The dragons which are cut into many parts become a contention the local community. The scales are believed to have special quality for achieving certain goals. On the other hand, the boat carrying the dragon is headed back to Tenggarong and all villages which are passed by the boat will perform Belimbur as an expression of gratitude and distraction of evil spirit using water as an element of life.
This ritual is carried out simultaneously when the dragon dispatched to Old Kutai. Beumban is a special event for the Sultan performed by oldest zuriat (descendant).
Beumban is carried out in the middle of Kutai Sultanate Palace. This ritual requires some equipment, namely covered mattress in yellow cloth, pillow, bolster, Peduduk and candles that are lit and placed at each corner of the mattress. Sultan lays on the mattress and covered with long yellow cloth.
The relatives who perform Beumban take areca flowers and added to over the long yellow cloth covering the Sultan of the head toward the calf (one way) for once. After that, the position of Sultan is tilted to the east and then to the West. When tilted to the two cardinal directions, the areca flowers are added again from the head toward the calf (one way) for once. The last position is returned to its original position (lying on the back), then gets up, and sits facing eastwards.
Begorok is a ritual held after completion of Beumban and the dragons is still on the way to Old Kutai. Begorok ritual is held at the Palace of Kutai Kartanegara Sultanate.
On the ritual, there is made a Hall of Yellow Haur (yellow bamboo) in 41 multilevel and facing toward the east. When Sultan is sitting on the hall, Dewa and Belian perform Memang; Sultan is sheltered with a long white cloth called Kirab Tuhing where the four corners are held by four assistants who flip the fabric twice.
After performing Memang, Dewa and Belian perform Tepong Tawar to Sultan, and then they scrape his forehead and eyebrows with a coin. The ritual is continued with putting White Plate on Kirab Tuhing. A rooster slaughtered and the blood will be accommodated in White Plate. Furthermore, the white plate is passed down to perform the ritual of Becerak Sultan. After Becerak was performed, Sultan leave down from the Hall while Gamelan is played and Sultan will take rest.
11.Rangga Titi Procession
Rangga Titi ritual begins when the entourages of Sultan who were accompanied by relatives are leaving from Palace toward Mahakam River (port). Arriving at the port, Sultan sits on the hall that has been provided, facing Mahakam River (east) along with seven Pangkon Laki and Bini.
Dewa and Belian perform Memang and Kirab Tuhing is spread sheltering Sultan. Kirab carnival is held by four assistants in the four corners, then flicked through and spinned twice. After Memang, Dewa and Belian perform Tepong Tawar to Sultan.
After Tepong Tawar procession is done, Sultan puts Areca flowers into jars (Molo), which already contains Tuli Water brought from old Kutai. The Areca flowers that that has been put into jars are uplifted and sprinkled-splash to right, left, front and back according to the four directions of compass. After that, Sultan puts his hands into jar and sprinkles water to the relatives, the audience, and people around the procession. This is the last procession of Rangga Titi as well as a sign that Belimbur will be started.
Belimbur ritual begins when the Sultan has been splashed Tuli water at the end of Rangga Titi ritual. In a moment of splashing water to the audiences, then at the venue, along the road, from town to village, all community perform Belimbur (flush-spray) using water as a source of life. Unless an older person or parents who bring a child, all people are allowed to be sprayed.
Begelar is procession of traditional title award of Kutai Sultanate to the parties who assessed instrumental in supporting, maintaining, and developing indigenous cultures in an administrative environment of Kutai Sultanate. The event is held once a year and officially published in Palace.
Kentayungan ceremony is held before Begelar, which is a dance performed by Sultan around Ayu Tree. The dance is as an expression of gratitude that Erau has been implemented completely. After dancing, the secretary reads a letter decision containing the names of degree recipients. After conferring of degrees, the event is closed with praying.
The event is also enlivened by the appearance of Mask Dance performance. Begelar is held on the seventh night and other rituals such as Merangin, Dewa Mengoyak Rendu, and Ngalak Water will not performed anymore, except sounding the cannon once.
14.Laying Pillar Ayu Procession
This ritual started when Pangkon Luar who previously served on outside Palace has been entered into Palace where Pillar Ayu was established to join Pangkon Dalam. Sultan and relatives also have been sat facing the Pillar. There have been provided some equipment, namely Jalik Tambak Karang, Mattress, Yellow Pillow, and Tapak Liman.
The first ritual is shaking the pillar three times by four relatives as if they were knocking down a planted tree on solid ground. After shaking, Pillar Ayu is laid down on Yellow Pillow and Mattress the noble man taking rest and served with an affection.
Once put to mattress, Dewa Bini performs Tepong Tawar to Pillar Ayu that has been laid down on the mattres from the top down to bottom as much as three times while performing Besawai. Then Dewa Bini perform Besawai again, carrying the Tepong Tawar ritual equipments and walk, sit respectfully, and worship to Sultan to perform tepong Tawar against Sultan.
Sultan is splashed with water of Tepong Tawar on the right-left hand, forehead, head, then down to his right-left knee, and right-left calf. Then Sultan is welcomed to take water flowers of Tepong Tawar to be smeared on his right-left eye and wiping his face and top of his head. After this, it is continued to the Prince and relatives who are the performers of Erau. After finishing Tepong Tawar rituals, the Laying Pillar Ayu procession is closed with friendship of the audiences. Hospitality event signifies that Erau ceremony held in Kutai Sultanate has been completed.