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About Us


Introduction

Until today, there has not been any documentation, either online or printed, of historical and cultural remnants of world kingdoms/sultanates that is comprehensive, systematic, and accurate. If there is, it is mostly partial in scope and run individually by only few kingdoms.

Wherever they sit, kingdoms/sultanates usually hold the role as the core of a society where culture and civilization blossom. Their presences indicate that their community/people have developed a government system and social order to organize their societies, regardless the modesty or complexity of the system. 

Being centers of culture and civilization, kingdoms/sultanates are historically and culturally rich with both tangible and intangible objects. From time to time, the riches can increase, that is, if the kingdom can maintain its existence, able to adapt with social changes and people’s demands, and develop itself to keep up with the advance of time. On the contrary, it can decrease—even be perished—if the kingdom fails to survive.

Whatever the condition of a kingdom/sultanate is, whether or not it still exists, documentation of its historical and cultural heritages are very important to be done and made known to the world through a media—that that is fast, affordable, and accessible anytime, anywhere, and by anyone.

In response to this particular need, the website www.kerajaannusantara.com comes up as a massive digital library to help study, document, develop, and publicize the historical and cultural heritages of kingdoms/sultanates worldwide. We invite everyone competent to cooperate with us by means of data sharing so that we can process and publish them on www.kerajaannusantara.com.

There are some advantages that a kingdom/sultanate can get by joining force with www.kerajaannusantara.com. First, the kingdom/sultanate will get a wider scope of recognition because joining the website could mean that it opens access for everyone across the globe. Second, by being recorded in this center for data and information, the kingdom’s next generation would always be able learn about their predecessors’ inheritances that are or once were there—though they could no longer find anything physically. Third, anything kept in www.kerajaannusantara.com storage would be a meaningful contribution to science and to historical and cultural studies in particular.

With such substantial benefits from www.kerajaannusantara.com and the participation of kingdoms/sultanates in this effort of historical and cultural heritages revitalization, we sincerely expect that everyone would respond to our invitation positively and wholeheartedly. Our cooperation could bring good things especially for our culture and civilization. For that, we would like to thank everyone in advance while appreciating every contribution.

About KerajaanNusantara.com

KerajaanNusantara.com is essentially based on a broad interpretation of the word “nusantara”. Present as a cross-border website, KerajaanNusantara.com dispels the word’s narrow geopolitical definition, hugging the whole world in its inclusive understanding.

KerajaanNusantara.com comes bilingual, being available in Indonesian and English. The website is a giant digital library that intends to help preserve and develop the historical and cultural heritages of kingdoms/sultanates around the world. It studies, documents, and publishes the data on the internet in comprehensive, systematic, and accurate processes.

KerajaanNusantara.com is a masterpiece that embraces vast, huge, and limitless data sources. KerajaanNusantara.com is arguably the biggest of its kind in terms of territorial vastness of the object of study. Other websites provide contents that are limited to be about a single kingdom, some kingdoms in a certain geographical area, such as in an island or country, or a culture. There has never been any website that accommodates all kingdoms and sultanates that do or did exist around the world before, crossing geographical and cultural borders and unifying them under the term “nusantara”.

The comprehensiveness, systematicness, and accurateness of KerajaanNusantara.Com can be seen from the broad yet very detailed menu about the particulars of a kingdom/sultanate. The menu falls into some objects of study, namely history which includes the history of a kingdom/sultanate, lineage of monarchs and reigning periods, government system, realm, and social, culture, and religion. Monarch/sultan profile and religious leaders are the other objects, covering the current king/sultan/traditional leader (pemangku adat) and the royal religious leaders (ulama, priest, spiritual advisor).

The monarch activities is exposed in submenus, through current monarch/sultan and government, monarch/sultan social activities, and royal titles which contains information about titles and honors given by the monarch/sultan to relatives and non-relatives and also titles and honors received by the monarch/sultan. Not to forget, there is also an exposition about the royal family and household.

Another object is the royal palace, in which the principal palace, gardens, rest houses, bathing places, harems, forts, and places of worship (mosque, church, vihara, temple, etc.) will be presented. Two objects historical site and burial ground are put under this submenu as well.

Political aspects are not left out. The traditional constitution and laws (about government, land ownership [ulayat], etc.) are investigated. To supplement this political menu, we also provide studies on the defense and security through military and military ranks (high commander [panglima], general [hulubalang], and soldier [prajurit]) menu.

Politics and military aside, this website has a menu about arts and culture that includes events and ceremonies (inauguration, safety wish, religious worship, and so on), royal traditions (birth ceremony, wedding ceremony, death ceremony, etc.), royal arts and culture (music, singing, dance, martial arts, carving, weaving, etc.), literature (oral and written literature), royal wardrobes (clothes of the king/queen/sultan, relative, dignitary, soldier, and common people). There is a section each for royal cuisine (food and drink) and traditional medicine and medical treatment.

The kingdoms/sultanates’ collection (heirloom, non-heirloom, and other objects), image gallery (historical image, images of the current king/sultan, palace and its architecture, place of worship, regalia, heirloom and non-heirloom collections, ceremony, arts, book, manuscript, important documents, wardrobe, military, burial ground, rest house, cuisine, conveyance, and pet), news, opinion, article, music, and video are each given a space while tourism resort in the kingdom/sultan is in a different section. This website also provides information about the address and map of the kingdom/sultanate.

The kingdoms/sultanates published in KerajaanNusantara.Com will get wider recognition as information about them is accessible around the world. Furthermore, KerajaanNusantara.com will be an everlasting source of data for the kingdoms/sultanates themselves.

In addition to its independently conducted researches, KerajaanNusantara.Com needs cooperation from everyone. Data sharing is indeed an indispensable part of our work and for which we sincerely bespeak supports.

Academic Accountability

Definition of Nusantara. Etymologically, nusantara is composed of two words, nusa and antara. Nusa is a Sanskrit word that means island or archipelago [i]. According to Martin Bernal, nusa is derived from the Latin word nesos which can mean peninsula or people [ii]. Referring to this opinion, the word nusa has a similar meaning with the English word people. From this point of view, we can say that nusa has two meanings: archipelago and people.

The second word antara is said to come from a phrase composed of Latin words in and terra, which together can mean between lands or in Earth [iii]. Another opinion maintains that antara has the same meaning with the word inter in English, which refers to a connection between two or more elements. In Sanskrit, meanwhile, the word antara can mean “the sea” or “abroad or outside” (such as in the interpretation of Gadjah Mada’s Palapa Oath). From here we can translate antara as inter-, connection, abroad, and the sea.

Nusantara, thus, can be interpreted as a group of islands that are connected by sea or a group of nations that are connected by sea. The meaning of the former statement refers to the whole islands in the world while the latter points to the peoples, which now have become nation-states. It can further on be viewed more broadly by understanding nusantara as having the same sense of meaning with the word internationalinter is equivalent to antara and nation to people. Therefore, international may also mean “peoples connected by sea” or “concerning all peoples around the world”.

The oldest writing known to mention nusantara is a Javanese literary work from circa the 12th-16th century. The use of the word is believed to have become more frequent since Prime Minister of Majapahit, Gadjah Mada, made an oath known as Sumpah Palapa in 1258 Saka (1336 AD) [iv]. At the time, nusantara was understood as an area outside the realm of Javanese culture or Jawadwipa (the Island of Java), or the lands across the sea that were expected to be united under Majapahit Kingdom.

In the beginning of the 20th century, the definition of nusantara was shifted to refer to a calling for Dutch Indies territory [v] that would soon become Indonesia. This understanding is the reference on which the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia’s territorial definition that stretches from Sabang to Merauke is based. In short, this geopolitical understanding of nusantara refers to the current Indonesian territory.

Based on the above elucidation, however, the realm of nusantara could actually be apprehended as not only the outermost territory of Majapahit Kingdom that covers current Indonesia and some parts of Southeast Asia. It is wider that what is between Sabang and Merauke. Nusantara can and should be seen as a realm that spans all over the globe.

The view above embraces all kingdoms/sultanates in the world, including those that once existed and those that are still there. The kingdoms/sultanates combined are what is meant by the term kerajaan nusantara (nusantara kingdom). Somehow, the geographical realm of our world consists of lands (islands) that are separated by sea. Kerajaan nusantara, thus, can be understood as world kingdom.

                                 Sincerely

                                    Mahyudin Al Mudra, SH. MM
                                                 Founder and Chief Editor

 

Sumber:
Martin Bernal, 2006. Black Athena. United States Of America: Rutgers University Press.
Marwati Djoened & Nugroho Notosusanto, 1993. Sejarah nasional Indonesia II. Jakarta: Balai Pustaka
http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nusantara
http://www.answers.com/topic/inter-abbreviation


[i] http://www.docstoc.com/

[ii] Martin Bernal, 2006:487

[iii] http://www.answers.com/

[iv] Marwati Djoened & Nugroho Notosusanto, 1993:434

[v] http://id.wikipedia.org/